7 Must See Historical Monuments of America
America has a rich political, cultural and social history to which many of its historical monuments stand as witness. Here are some of the top historical monuments in America that every tourist and American citizen must see.
1. Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.
Lincoln Memorial was built to honor President Abraham Lincoln. He was the 16th President of America, and this famous historical monument located in Washington D.C. was dedicated to him in 1922. It is situated in the National Mall area and lies exactly opposite to the Washington Monument. The sculpture of Abraham Lincoln which is placed inside the memorial was created by Henry Bacon. This is one of the several historical monuments that were made to honor an American President.
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2. Statue of Liberty, New York City
Statue of Liberty is one of the most famous historical monuments of America and the world. It was a gift from France to America in 1886. The Statue of Liberty depicts the Roman Goddess of Freedom who holds the book in which the date of the American Declaration of Independence has been engraved. It is located in Liberty Island on New York Harbor in New York City. It has become an icon of sorts in pop culture in America and around the world.
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3. Washington Monument, Washington D.C.
Washington Monument was dedicated to President George Washington in 1885. It is an obelisk structure which is a tall monument with a pyramid-like encasing at the top. It is located in the National Mall area. When the construction of the monument was completed, it was the tallest building in its time. Reportedly, even today it remains the world's tallest obelisk made in pure stone.
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4. Capitol Building, Washington D.C.
Capitol Building which is formally referred to as the United States Capitol is located on Capitol Hill in the capital city of America. This famous historical monument is a regal looking structure which is the official meeting place of the United States Congress. A statue depicting freedom is placed over the top of the famous dome of the Capitol Building. The interior of the building is laced with grand, intricately finished ceiling paintings and sculptures.
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5. The White House, Washington, D.C.
The White House is famously known across the world as the official residence of the President of United States of America. It was designed by architect James Hoban and built between 1792 and 1800. It is a National Heritage Site and is owned by the National Park Service of America. Selected parts of The White House are open to visitors and it is commonly thronged by visitors from around the world.
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6. Alcatraz, San Francisco
Alcatraz was a famous high security prison of America which was functional until 1960. It is formally known as the Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary and is located off the coast of San Francisco. It is believed that Alcatraz's strategic location in the middle of the sea combined with high security facilities made it one of the most inescapable prisons when it was functional.
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7. Empire State Building, New York City
Empire State Building in Manhattan, New York, is one of the must see historical monuments of America because of its sheer achievement in architecture. It is a 102 story building which was one of the tallest buildings in the world in its time. Built in classic Art Deco architectural style, Empire State Building is often seen as an American icon and is an eye catching structure in the skyline of New York City as seen from the Brooklyn Bridge.
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