10 Top Most Endangered Species On Earth
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified different species that have walked or still walk this earth into seven main categories: extinct, extinct in the wild, critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable, near threatened, least concern. The vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species are sometimes clubbed under one head as threatened species as they face the threat of future extinction in view of their dwindling numbers. There are a whole lot of species that come under the endangered category and measures for their conservation must be taken at the earliest to ensure that they do not vanish from the face of the Earth in the near future. Listed here are some of the most endangered species on earth. Have a look.
Who has not heard or seen pictures of this majestic beast? But sadly due to high poaching as well as rapid reduction in forest area, it is one of the prime endangered species, though the threat varies in different countries. The number of Siberian tigers or Amur tigers in this world for instance is going down at a rapid pace though conservation efforts have been taken up by various countries. Even other varieties like the Royal Bengal tiger are decreasing in number.
Photo Courtesy: Dave Stokes
The lovable character in many fairy tales and children stories, this shell covered reptile is extremely endangered. Out of the various turtles, the Arakan forest turtle and the leatherback sea turtle come under the critically endangered list whereas green sea turtle is considered endangered. Other threatened turtle species are the alligator snapping turtle and the hawksbill turtle.
Photo Courtesy: rayand
3. Monarch butterfly
It is one the most famous North American butterfly, though it is also found in parts of Australia and New Zealand. They migrate to Mexico during the winter and in view of their dwindling numbers, the WWF has taken some innovative conservation steps to protect this beautiful gift of nature.
Photo Courtesy: dave and rose
It may be considered as one of the weirdest looking mammals after the hippopotamus, but its uniqueness cannot be overlooked. There are many types of rhinos in this world and most of them are extremely endangered. While the Sumatran rhinoceros, the Javan rhino and the northern white rhinoceros are critically endangered, the Indian one horned rhino is vulnerable and if its poaching is not stopped, it is not long before it will be completely obliterated from the earth’s surface.
Photo Courtesy: Lip Kee
5. Giant Panda
You will instantly recognize it if you have seen any of the Kung-fu Panda movies. In spite of being in the logo of the WWF and being considered a national icon in China, it is still one of the most endangered species on earth. Apart from poaching and encroachment, its extremely low birth rate has also led to its rapid decline in population.
Photo Courtesy: Jeff Kubina
The African penguin is an endangered species and even the Magellanic penguin and the jackass penguin are rapidly reducing in number. In fact, about twelve species of penguin are currently considered threatened species.
Photo Courtesy: HighlandBlade
While the Zanzibar leopard has long gone extinct thanks to the ruthless human activities, a lot of other varieties are currently facing extinction. While the Amur leopard, like its tiger counterpart, is critically endangered at present, the snow leopard and the Persian leopard are in the endangered list of IUCN.
Photo Courtesy: npmeijer
Yes right, even this chest thumping beast has not been spared by mankind’s ignorance and carelessness towards nature. Although gorillas as a whole are endangered, the mountain gorilla, in particular, is at a serious threat of extinction with about 700 of its kind remaining in Central Africa.
Photo Courtesy: Kjunstorm
The blue whale, the largest animal on earth, and the fin whale aka razorback, the second largest, are endangered thanks to high level of commercial whaling.
Photo Courtesy: Morningdew
Why should birds be left from this list? If you want some startling facts then here it is: Saint Croix Macaw-extinct; Spix’s macaw-extinct in the wild; Lear’s macaw and hyacinth macaw-endangered. So if you thought that these colorful birds were left in peace by the humans, then think again.
Photo Courtesy: DylanT1